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PUBL 386 Human trafficking and Involuntary Slavery Concept Discussion

PUBL 386 Human trafficking and Involuntary Slavery Concept Discussion

Question Description

I’m working on a humanities discussion question and need guidance to help me study.

Minimum 2 paragraphs. APA 7th edition and references.

Getting Started

To be able to understand and identify human trafficking, one must first understand the definition. There are multiple definitions of the term “human trafficking.” For this discussion, we will review the United States federal definition of human trafficking.

The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (also known as the TVPA) defines human trafficking as:


The term ‘‘severe forms of trafficking in persons’’ means—

(A) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is
induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person
induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years
of age; or

(B) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision,
or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through
the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of
subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or

Upon successful completion of this discussion, you will be able to:

  • Define human trafficking
  • Differentiate between force, fraud, and coercion
  • Discuss the prevalence of human trafficking


  • Textbook: Human Trafficking: Applying Research, Theory, and Case Studies
  • Legislation: The Victims of Violence and Trafficking Protection Act of 2000
  • Article: Inaccurate Numbers, Inadequate Policies: Enhancing Data to Evaluate the Prevalence of Human Trafficking in ASEAN

Background Information

When you review the federal definition of human trafficking, you should note several things. To meet criteria for an adult victim of sex trafficking, there must be one of the following: force, fraud, or coercion. If there is a minor being trafficked for sex, then there does not need to be force, fraud, or coercion. If they are under 18 and being commercially sexually exploited, then sex trafficking is taking place. Criteria for force, fraud, or coercion (only one of the three) needs to be met for labor trafficking of both minors and adults.

Generally, when seeking to understand the federal definition of human trafficking, the Action-Means-Purpose Model, as defined by the Polaris Project (2018), is helpful. The model is usually abbreviated by the initials – A-M-P – which stands for Action, Means, and Purpose. When human trafficking is taking place, the trafficker is performing an action (recruits, harbors, etc.); how they do it is the means (force, fraud, or coercion); and the endpoint (purpose) is sex or labor trafficking (p.7).

The A-M-P Model


  1. Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.
  2. Read and review the US Federal definition of human trafficking as defined in The Victims of Violence and Trafficking Protection Act of 2000 and the AMP Model.
  3. Read Chapter One in Human Trafficking: Applying Research, Theory, and Case Studies.
  4. Review the article: Inaccurate Numbers, Inadequate Policies: Enhancing Data to Evaluate the Prevalence of Human Trafficking in ASEAN.
  5. Navigate to the discussion thread and respond to the following:
    1. How does the definition of human trafficking differ regarding a minor (under 18 years of age) victim of sex trafficking vs. a minor (under 18 years of age) victim of labor trafficking?
    2. Provide one example each of force, fraud, and coercion.
    3. Read the sections on the prevalence of trafficking; 5.2, 5.3 and 5.4 (pg. 15-16) of your reading assignment this week. Also, review the Executive Summary in the article listed in step 4. Comment on the difference in human trafficking prevalence numbers (minimum of one paragraph).
  6. Your initial post is due by the end of the fifth day of the workshop.
  7. I will share access to Ebook if needed

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