I’m working on a english writing question and need an explanation to help me learn.
Hello my name is Dina, I Need help with my assignment
9.00 Module 9 Overview (READ)
To-Do Date: Apr 26 at 11:59pm
This module will focus your attention on one of the rhetorical appeals, the one that is most important in academic writing, appeal to reason, also known as rational appeal, or logos. Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle (Links to an external site.), whose work lay the foundations for Western scholarship, distinguished the three appeals that rhetors (Links to an external site.) need to consider: logos, pathos, and ethos. Pathos is an emotional appeal; appealing to human feelings helps writers or public speakers persuade their audience. Ethos is an appeal to the writer’s character, her or his credibility. Authors establish their character/credibility not so much by their credentials as by their ability to demonstrate their knowledge about the subject and their good intentions in dealing with that subject so that they will earn the reader’s trust. (Students establish their ethos by appropriately using and documenting their sources, even by following the required formatting style, such as APA, MLA, etc.) Logos is the Ancient Greek for “word,” “knowledge,” “wisdom.” Logos is used in the opening verse of the Gospel According to Saint John, which was originally written in Ancient Greek: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” The discipline of logic also derives its name from logos, and so do various other branches of knowledge, for example, biology (life science).
A reminder: Do not confuse rhetorical appeals with rhetorical strategies; the former are more general concepts that indicate the sphere of application (the reader’s mind or heart) in which persuasion is attempted. The latter represent more specific efforts of a writer to persuade the reader.
Some writers, intentionally or unintentionally, misuse or abuse rhetorical appeals, especially logos, and these missteps, known as fallacies, will also be discussed in this module.
Another feature that you will learn is a practical model of an argument offered by the British-American scholar Stephen Toulmin, who “updated” the Aristotelian model of the 4th century BCE; it will help you to organize your research-based argument for the term paper.