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American Impact Trade Tariffs Imports Exports Antidumping Duties Discussion

American Impact Trade Tariffs Imports Exports Antidumping Duties Discussion

Question Description

I’m working on a writing discussion question and need support to help me study.

this is a discussion post assignment that I want you to write

everything is explained

#6 What do you think?

Trade, Tariffs, Imports, Exports & Antidumping Duties

The procedure for imposing antidumping duties involves two U.S. government agencies: the International Trade Commission (ITC) and the International Trade Administration (ITA). The ITC is an in­de­pendent agency that makes recommendations to the president concerning temporary im­port restrictions. The ITC assesses the effects of dumping on domestic businesses. The ITA is part of the Department of Commerce and decides whether import sales were at less than fair market value. The ITA determination establishes the amount of antidump­ing duties, which are set to equal the dif­fer­ence between the price charged in the United States and the price charged in the exporting country. A duty may be retroactive to cover past dumping incidents.

Minimizing Trade Barriers

To minimize international trade barriers, most of the world’s leading trade nations abide by the World Trade Organization (WTO). Each member country agrees to treat other members at least as well as it treats the country that receives its most favorable treatment (normal trade rela­tions (NTR) status).

  1. European Union (EU)

This regional trade association minimizes trade barriers among its member nations.

  1. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

NAFTA created a regional trading unit consisting of Mexico, the United States, and Canada. The goal is to eliminate tariffs in the region on substantially all goods over a period of fifteen to twenty years, while re­taining tariffs on goods imported from other countries.

  1. Central American-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR)

CAFTA-DR aims to reduce tariffs and improve market access among Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the United States.

The citizens of the United States of America have elected a President Trump who is very outspoken. Generally speaking the United States of America accounts for approximately 5% of the world’s population and almost 1/3 of total global spending on Research and Development (for new products and technologies).

How much influence does the United States of America actually have on the policies and perceptions of the rest of the world’s leaders, governments and people?

How much influence does President Trump have?

How much influence do our American businesses have?

Or…How much good do embargoes really have on trade policy?

Our Products?

Our entertainment industtry?

What do you think?

#7 Dominion sues Trump lawyer Sidney Powell for defamation, seeks $1.3 billion

Powell has made a variety of baseless accusations of wrongdoing concerning Dominion, some of which have fueled conspiracy theories pushed by the president.

Sidney Powell participates in a news conference with President Donald Trump’s personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani in Washington on Nov. 19, 2020.Jonathan Ernst / Reuters file

Jan. 8, 2021, 8:16 AM CST

By Kevin Collier

Dominion Voting Systems, one of the biggest election equipment manufacturers in the U.S. and the subject of numerous incoherent conspiracy theories about the 2020 election, has sued lawyer Sidney Powell, who pushed President Donald Trump’s attempts to overturn election results, for defamation.

“Powell falsely claimed that Dominion had rigged the election, that Dominion was created in Venezuela to rig elections for Hugo Chávez, and that Dominion bribed Georgia officials for a no-bid contract,” the lawsuit states.

Powell didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.

Dominion is requesting damages of more than $1.3 billion, saying it has spent millions on security for its employees and on damage control to its reputation, and risks losing future business.

A Dominion employee who was harassed by Trump supporters previously sued Powell and others. In December, Dominion sent cease-and-desist letters to some conservative media outlets that pushed the election theories, including Fox News and OAN, which led to them walking back their claims.

Claims of voter fraud have been widely rejected.

Election experts have uniformly declared that the 2020 election was conducted fairly. A union of every senior federal and state official who oversaw the election declared it “the most secure in American history.” Election security experts, many of whom popularized the notion of hacking voting machines to increase awareness of the vulnerabilities in election systems, found that “in every case of which we are aware, these claims either have been unsubstantiated or are technically incoherent.”

That has not stopped Trump and his supporters from making a variety of evidence-free claims that the election was stolen. Some of the most widespread claims targeted Dominion, which supplied voting systems to 28 states.

Powell, who appeared with Trump lawyer Rudy Giuliani in their attempts to challenge the election’s results, consistently pushed a slew of wild conspiracy theories that were embraced by QAnon followers, many of which Trump also promoted.

Powell promised big and didn’t deliver, insisting she would “release the kraken,” referring to a bombshell revelation about election conspiracy that would result in Trump winning the election after he lost. Despite a number of bungled lawsuits that never came.

Matt Masterson, a senior election security adviser at the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency until he left office in December, praised Dominion’s suit as a way to push back against deliberate falsehoods about the election’s integrity.

“There’s no truth to any of the allegations about Dominion, and we know that because Georgia went back and counted all the ballots, and it was consistent,” Masterson said in a phone call.

“The concern here is the court system was used as a vehicle for disinformation,” Masterson said. “So I’m glad to see Dominion responding back, because this is the avenue they have.”

This is a developing story. Please check back for updates.

Kevin Collier

Kevin Collier is a reporter covering cybersecurity, privacy and technology policy for NBC News.

Prof. Lange — There may be more lawsuits about the last Presidential election.

Do you think we will ever know with certainty if the Election was accurate?

Or, if there were problems with the election do you think the problems were big enough to cause the wrong person to win?

#8 Election Insight ….Shootout at the Ok Corral 1881

The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral was a 30-second shootout between lawmen led by Virgil Earp and members of a loosely organized group of outlaws called the Cowboys including Ike Clanton that occurred at about 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday, October 26, 1881, in Tombstone, Arizona Territory, United States. It is generally regarded as the most famous shootout in the history of the American Wild West.

The gunfight was the result of a long-simmering feud, with Cowboys Billy Claiborne, Ike and Billy Clanton, and Tom and Frank McLaury on one side; and Town Marshal Virgil Earp, Special Policemen Morgan and Wyatt Earp, and temporary policeman Doc Holliday on the other side.

One of the things that led to the gunfight was Voter Fraud.

In the November 2, 1880 election for Pima County sheriff, Democrat Shibell ran against Republican Bob Paul, who was expected to win. Votes arrived as late as November 7, and Shibell was unexpectedly reelected. He immediately appointed Johnny Behan as the new deputy sheriff for eastern Pima County, a job that Wyatt wanted. A controversy ensued when Paul uncovered ballot-stuffing by Cowboys and he sued to overturn the election. While San Simeon precinct, east of Tombstone, only had 10 registered voters, Shibell won that precinct with 103 votes to 1. In that precinct lived Ike Clanton. Johnny Ringo was the precinct officer for the election.

Prof. Lange Comment – In a precinct with only 10 registered voters, the Cowboys turned in a registered vote of 103 to 1 (103 for their preferred County Sherriff), which was someone OTHER than an Earp. The Sherriff the Cowboys elected seemed to look the other way whenever a cowboy was accused of a crime.

This was one of the underlying factors in the Gunfight at the OK Corral which resulted in the Earps killing a bunch of Cowboys. Sidenote: Some historians have said the Cowboys we are talking about were the first large scale organized criminal gang.

So…we have claims of voter fraud today, but when we look at the Presidential election the writers of the Constitution were quite clear, they wanted any challenges to be done quickly and with real evidence. So, they purposely made it difficult for the loser of the Presidential election to challenge the results.

The question is this?

Do you think are elections are more secure than in the old west (1880’s) ?

Why did the writers of the US Constitution intentionally make it difficult for the loser of the election to challenge the results?

Does the electoral college make it easier or harder for outside forces to tamper with an election?

#9 Chapter 8 Trade Secrets

Some business processes and information that cannot be patented, copyrighted, or trademarked are pro­tected against appropriation by a competitor as trade secrets. Customer lists, plans, research and develop­ment, pricing information, marketing tech­niques, production techniques, formulas, and gen­erally anything that makes an individual company unique and that would have value to a com­petitor consti­tute trade secrets.

A. State and Federal Law on Trade Secrets

Theft of trade secrets is a violation of the common law, some states’ statutes (some based on the Uniform Trade Secrets Act), and a federal crime (under the Economic Espionage Act of 1996).

  1. Trade Secrets in Cyberspace

The nature of technology (especially e-mail) undercuts a firm’s ability to protect its confidential in­formation, including trade secrets.

Do you think Trade Secrets are a good idea?

#10 What are some trade secret types of ideas you enjoy?

For example the Microsoft Windows operating system is a closed system. Would computer technology had advanced quicker and farhter if Microsoft hadn’t zealously protected it’s computer code?

I like Kentucky Fried Chicken, do you think it is fair that Col. Snaders has protected the secret recipe many years after his death (the company owns the trade secret)?

What are some “trade’secrets” that fascinate you? Products or services you like?

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